The U.S. Census Bureau is required by Article I, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution to conduct the decennial census in order to be able to apportion seats in the U.S. House of Representatives among the states. To that end, it is crucial to count everyone in the right place during the decennial census.
The Census Bureau released a decision memo and posted a Federal Register publication that is available for public inspection that explains where people will be counted in the 2020 Census. The “residence criteria” are based on the concept of “usual residence,” the place where a person lives and sleeps most of the time. This place is not necessarily the same as the person’s voting residence or legal residence.
The 2020 Census Residence Criteria and Residence Situations provide guidelines for counting people in various residence situations including military, college students, and people living in various types of group quarters.