From the Department of Homeland Security
Legal permanent residents (LPRs) are foreign nationals who have been granted the right to reside permanently in the United States. LPRs are often referred to simply as "immigrants," but they are also known as "permanent resident aliens" and "green card holders."
Profiles of selected demographic characteristics of immigrants who became legal permanent residents during the fiscal year are available by country of birth, state of residence, and metropolitan area of residence.
In FY 2010, of the 1,042,625 persons obtaining legal permanent resident status, 471,849 were men, and 570,771 were women. 476,049 were new arrivals, which means they went to their consulates out of country (214,214 men; 261,833 women). 566,576
were "adjustments of status", meaning they were in the US under a student visa, temporary work visa or other provision (257,635 men; 308,938 women).